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The New Wine of Acts 2:13

 

This is in response to a question that came up.  What is the “new wine” of Acts 2:13?  The record could have just said “wine.”  What is the meaning and significance of “new wine?”

“New wine” is translated from a Greek word that indicates sweet and/or fresh wine.  Most versions translate this as “new wine” as is in the King James Version, and I believe that is correct.

I have heard it taught that “new wine” in the Bible refers to recently squeezed grape juice, unfermented and thus no alcoholic content.  This interpretation does not fit the context in Acts 2.  In Peter’s response to the accusation that the apostles were full of new wine, he says (verse 15), “For these are not drunken as ye suppose.”

Let’s take a look at the context.

Acts 2:4 And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.
5 And there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven.
6 Now when this was noised abroad, the multitude came together, and were confounded, because that every man heard them speak in his own language.
7 And they were all amazed and marvelled, saying one to another, Behold, are not all these which speak Galilaeans?
8 And how hear we every man in our own tongue, wherein we were born?
9 Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, and in Judaea, and Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Asia,
10 Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes,
11 Cretes and Arabians, we do hear them speak in our tongues the wonderful works of God.
12 And they were all amazed, and were in doubt, saying one to another, What meaneth this?
13 Others mocking said, These men are full of new wine.
14 But Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them, Ye men of Judaea, and all ye that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words:
15 For these are not drunken, as ye suppose, seeing it is but the third hour of the day.

The apostles were speaking with “other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.”  There were people present from many different cultures and languages.  Each person heard one or more of the apostles speak the wonderful works of God in his own language.  But, of course, other apostles were speaking in some other language.  For any given listener, he heard one or more apostle speaking in his language and the others speaking in other languages. There were those among the listeners who chose to mock, accusing those speaking in languages they did not understand of “being full of new wine.”

When we consider the meaning of the term “new wine,” we must note that the term was being used in a derisive way.  It was part of the insult.  The mockers were not just accusing the apostles of being drunk.  They were accusing them of being drunk with “new wine.”

Biblical days were no different than modern times in that aged wine was better than new wine as is stated in Luke 5.

Luke 5:39 No man also having drunk old wine straightway desireth new: for he saith, The old is better.

Saying these men are full of low quality wine was more of a crass insult than if they had just said the men had too much to drink; and the purpose of  the mockers was to insult the apostles.

Comments  

 
0 #17 Andy 2014-08-30 01:19
It is possible to get drunk on food and other things in the bible, even new wine. "Blessed art thou, O land, when thy king is the son of nobles, and thy princes eat in due season, for strength, and not for drunkenness!" Ecc. 10:17.
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+1 #16 Keith 2014-06-21 10:25
Read Deuteronomy 14:23-26 key scripture is 26. The LORD wants us to enjoy life unto HIM not abuse it. Its our western culture that says drinking is a sin. Discipline discipline discipline if you have a problem with drinking without discipline then choose to abstain or ask the LORD for deliverance. (Tradition vs the Word ) MT. Chapter 7 - I wash my hands like this. Drunkenness is the sin not the drink.
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0 #15 Wyatt 2014-06-17 13:24
Drunkenness is a sin and even a little alcohol destroys braincells and causes some degree of drunkenness. God would never endorse the drinking of fermented wine only the new (un-fermented) wine freshly pressed from the grapes (see Isaiah 65:8). Poison wine would never represent the pure cleansing blood of Jesus. I'm a Seventh-day Adventist and part of one of the few temperance movements left. I like Ricks comment above. If you read Barne's commentarry on verse 13 (http://bibleapps.com/barnes/acts/2.htm) you will see a good point as well. Keep studying friends!
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0 #14 Ken Brown 2014-06-08 05:47
Hi Paulus... " what is the significance for the writer of Acts to include this verse in the context?" I'm not sure what kind of significance you are looking for. He is telling what happened and this is what happened.Perhaps someone can show us a greater reason for including this part of the event in the narrative, but until then I take it simply at face value. Luke is just telling us what happened. Thanks for your participation.
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0 #13 Paulus Soehianto 2014-06-07 21:39
Just wonder what is the significance for the writer of Acts to include this verse in the context..thanks
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+1 #12 Randy 2014-06-07 07:22
Thanks Ken, your comment makes very good sense particularly in the light of Luke 5:39. When are we going to let wine be wine and stop calling it "hemp" or Welch's.

It was common practice for people to drink "real" wine. I guess Jesus ordered a special delivery of grape juice for the passover meal. Wonder if it was red juice or white juice?

Thanks again -- God Bless
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+1 #11 chrisni 2014-04-04 06:01
Wonderful - New wine, Fire, Living Waters, Wind.......... If you have never experience it, please don't try to explain it away.
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-2 #10 duane dunham 2014-03-14 13:32
The accusation need not mean drunkenness. What does grape juice do if over indulged? It serves as a physic, causing a dose of diarrhea, hence the accusation is the earthy one commonly used in a different form today. We could understand it to mean that "they are full of excrement."
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+1 #9 mark allen 2013-11-18 14:35
Great comment Rick. You are absolutely right.
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0 #8 mbrace 2013-11-16 22:46
Actually the new wine in Acts ch 2 is referring to drinking in the fresh spirit of anointing, and the barrel (you) if you drink in HIS SPIRIT...you become DRUNK IN THE SPIRIT..thus being, laughing, speaking in tongues, falling down under HIS PRESENCE..which connects with the HOLY SPIRIT when it lives in you...(and many more manifestations that many 'Christians' do not ever get to see or experience...An intimate relationship and being touched by God..can make you drunk in the spirit, or even set the whole church on fire...where no one has control of what they do..including speaking in tongues. Acts ch2 child of God and vessel of his word...lived this for over 20yrs
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